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International Business Machines Corporation (NYSE:IBM) boasts a Price to Book ratio of 6.510096. This ratio is calculated by dividing the current share price by the book value per share. Investors may use Price to Book to display how the market portrays the value of a stock. Checking in on some other ratios, the company has a Price to Cash Flow ratio of 7.571919, and a current Price to Earnings ratio of 15.157583. The P/E ratio is one of the most common ratios used for figuring out whether a company is overvalued or undervalued.

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Individual investors have a lot to study when dealing with the stock market. New investors may start out thinking that with enough capital, they can easily start securing substantial gains. While equity market investing can help individuals build wealth, it can also be highly risky. Market education may be an extremely important part of any investor’s game plan. Knowing exactly where the money is invested and why it is invested there, may be a big help when reviewing portfolio performance down the line. Any investor who takes the reins and decides to make their own decisions should realize the importance of a well-rounded stock market education.

International Business Machines Corporation (NYSE:IBM) has a current MF Rank of 3707. Developed by hedge fund manager Joel Greenblatt, the intention of the formula is to spot high quality companies that are trading at an attractive price. The formula uses ROIC and earnings yield ratios to find quality, undervalued stocks. In general, companies with the lowest combined rank may be the higher quality picks.

There are many different tools to determine whether a company is profitable or not. One of the most popular ratios is the “Return on Assets” (aka ROA). This score indicates how profitable a company is relative to its total assets. The Return on Assets for International Business Machines Corporation (NYSE:IBM) is 0.063218. This number is calculated by dividing net income after tax by the company’s total assets. A company that manages their assets well will have a higher return, while a company that manages their assets poorly will have a lower return.

The Piotroski F-Score is a scoring system between 1-9 that determines a firm’s financial strength. The score helps determine if a company’s stock is valuable or not. The Piotroski F-Score of International Business Machines Corporation (NYSE:IBM) is 6. A score of nine indicates a high value stock, while a score of one indicates a low value stock. The score is calculated by the return on assets (ROA), Cash flow return on assets (CFROA), change in return of assets, and quality of earnings. It is also calculated by a change in gearing or leverage, liquidity, and change in shares in issue. The score is also determined by change in gross margin and change in asset turnover.

Further, we can see that International Business Machines Corporation (NYSE:IBM) has a Shareholder Yield of 0.078509 and a Shareholder Yield (Mebane Faber) of -0.13437. The first value is calculated by adding the dividend yield to the percentage of repurchased shares. The second value adds in the net debt repaid yield to the calculation. Shareholder yield has the ability to show how much money the firm is giving back to shareholders via a few different avenues. Companies may issue new shares and buy back their own shares. This may occur at the same time. Investors may also use shareholder yield to gauge a baseline rate of return.

**Volatility/PI**

Stock volatility is a percentage that indicates whether a stock is a desirable purchase. Investors look at the Volatility 12m to determine if a company has a low volatility percentage or not over the course of a year. The Volatility 12m of International Business Machines Corporation (NYSE:IBM) is 22.709200. This is calculated by taking weekly log normal returns and standard deviation of the share price over one year annualized. The lower the number, a company is thought to have low volatility. The Volatility 3m is a similar percentage determined by the daily log normal returns and standard deviation of the share price over 3 months. The Volatility 3m of International Business Machines Corporation (NYSE:IBM) is 19.116000. The Volatility 6m is the same, except measured over the course of six months. The Volatility 6m is 20.341400.

The Price Index is a ratio that indicates the return of a share price over a past period. The price index of International Business Machines Corporation (NYSE:IBM) for last month was 0.96896. This is calculated by taking the current share price and dividing by the share price one month ago. If the ratio is greater than 1, then that means there has been an increase in price over the month. If the ratio is less than 1, then we can determine that there has been a decrease in price. Similarly, investors look up the share price over 12 month periods. The Price Index 12m for International Business Machines Corporation (NYSE:IBM) is 1.11710.

Checking in on some valuation rankings, International Business Machines Corporation (NYSE:IBM) has a Value Composite score of 39. Developed by James O’Shaughnessy, the VC score uses five valuation ratios. These ratios are price to earnings, price to cash flow, EBITDA to EV, price to book value, and price to sales. The VC is displayed as a number between 1 and 100. In general, a company with a score closer to 0 would be seen as undervalued, and a score closer to 100 would indicate an overvalued company. Adding a sixth ratio, shareholder yield, we can view the Value Composite 2 score which is currently sitting at 29.

Investors may be interested in viewing the Gross Margin score on shares of International Business Machines Corporation (NYSE:IBM). The name currently has a score of 27.00000. This score is derived from the Gross Margin (Marx) stability and growth over the previous eight years. The Gross Margin score lands on a scale from 1 to 100 where a score of 1 would be considered positive, and a score of 100 would be seen as negative.

When it comes to investing in stocks, the question of risk will eventually need to be addressed. Of course, there are no guarantees when investing in the stock market. With this in mind, investors can proceed with a plan that helps minimize risk while still providing the opportunity to experience large profit potential. Each investor may have a different financial situation or tolerance for risk. There is often a fine line between being too aggressive or too conservative with equity investments. Finding that balance between the two extremes may be exactly what the earnest investor strives to do when tackling the markets.

NextEra Energy, Inc. (NYSE:NEE) has a Price to Book ratio of 3.129116. This ratio has been calculated by dividing the current share price by the book value per share. Investors may use Price to Book to display how the market portrays the value of a stock. Checking in on some other ratios, the company has a Price to Cash Flow ratio of 15.055968, and a current Price to Earnings ratio of 35.603433. The P/E ratio is one of the most common ratios used for figuring out whether a company is overvalued or undervalued.

Many active investors will use technical analysis when conducting stock research. Technical analysis involves studying trends and trying to predict which trends will continue into the future. Many technical traders will rely on charts to help provide the information they desire. Some technicians will use one or two technical indicators while others will combine many different ones. There are plenty of indicators out there that can be studied. Figuring out which indicators are the most reliable can be a tricky endeavor. Traders may want to try out various combinations in order to identify the ones that seem to provide the best advantage, even if it is a small one.

Further, we can see that NextEra Energy, Inc. (NYSE:NEE) has a Shareholder Yield of 0.005631 and a Shareholder Yield (Mebane Faber) of -0.08148. The first value is calculated by adding the dividend yield to the percentage of repurchased shares. The second value adds in the net debt repaid yield to the calculation. Shareholder yield has the ability to show how much money the firm is giving back to shareholders via a few different avenues. Companies may issue new shares and buy back their own shares. This may occur at the same time. Investors may also use shareholder yield to gauge a baseline rate of return.

Checking in on some valuation rankings, NextEra Energy, Inc. (NYSE:NEE) has a Value Composite score of 56. Developed by James O’Shaughnessy, the VC score uses five valuation ratios. These ratios are price to earnings, price to cash flow, EBITDA to EV, price to book value, and price to sales. The VC is displayed as a number between 1 and 100. In general, a company with a score closer to 0 would be seen as undervalued, and a score closer to 100 would indicate an overvalued company. Adding a sixth ratio, shareholder yield, we can view the Value Composite 2 score which is currently sitting at 53.

NextEra Energy, Inc. (NYSE:NEE) has a current MF Rank of 9173. Developed by hedge fund manager Joel Greenblatt, the intention of the formula is to spot high quality companies that are trading at an attractive price. The formula uses ROIC and earnings yield ratios to find quality, undervalued stocks. In general, companies with the lowest combined rank may be the higher quality picks.

There are many different tools to determine whether a company is profitable or not. One of the most popular ratios is the “Return on Assets” (aka ROA). This score indicates how profitable a company is relative to its total assets. The Return on Assets for NextEra Energy, Inc. (NYSE:NEE) is 0.032616. This number is calculated by dividing net income after tax by the company’s total assets. A company that manages their assets well will have a higher return, while a company that manages their assets poorly will have a lower return.

The Piotroski F-Score is a scoring system between 1-9 that determines a firm’s financial strength. The score helps determine if a company’s stock is valuable or not. The Piotroski F-Score of NextEra Energy, Inc. (NYSE:NEE) is 5. A score of nine indicates a high value stock, while a score of one indicates a low value stock. The score is calculated by the return on assets (ROA), Cash flow return on assets (CFROA), change in return of assets, and quality of earnings. It is also calculated by a change in gearing or leverage, liquidity, and change in shares in issue. The score is also determined by change in gross margin and change in asset turnover.

**Volatility/PI**

Stock volatility is a percentage that indicates whether a stock is a desirable purchase. Investors look at the Volatility 12m to determine if a company has a low volatility percentage or not over the course of a year. The Volatility 12m of NextEra Energy, Inc. (NYSE:NEE) is 13.211500. This is calculated by taking weekly log normal returns and standard deviation of the share price over one year annualized. The lower the number, a company is thought to have low volatility. The Volatility 3m is a similar percentage determined by the daily log normal returns and standard deviation of the share price over 3 months. The Volatility 3m of NextEra Energy, Inc. (NYSE:NEE) is 15.235900. The Volatility 6m is the same, except measured over the course of six months. The Volatility 6m is 14.989200.

The Price Index is a ratio that indicates the return of a share price over a past period. The price index of NextEra Energy, Inc. (NYSE:NEE) for last month was 1.03699. This is calculated by taking the current share price and dividing by the share price one month ago. If the ratio is greater than 1, then that means there has been an increase in price over the month. If the ratio is less than 1, then we can determine that there has been a decrease in price. Similarly, investors look up the share price over 12 month periods. The Price Index 12m for NextEra Energy, Inc. (NYSE:NEE) is 1.30987.

Investors may be interested in viewing the Gross Margin score on shares of NextEra Energy, Inc. (NYSE:NEE). The name currently has a score of 6.00000. This score is derived from the Gross Margin (Marx) stability and growth over the previous eight years. The Gross Margin score lands on a scale from 1 to 100 where a score of 1 would be considered positive, and a score of 100 would be seen as negative.

Investors may be digging through all of the most recent earnings report trying to locate a few names that are poised to make a run. Investors often take notice when a company beats or misses analyst projections by a wide margin. Once identifying these stocks, investors may want to look back at earnings history over the past few quarters. While one or two sub-par quarters may not be a legitimate cause for alarm, a long string of underperformance may be worth looking into. On the flip side, one or two great quarters may not be telling the complete picture either. Going behind the curtain and investigating the numbers may help the investor locate the next batch of stocks to add to the portfolio.